Dealing With A Potential Recession

With the current cost of living crisis and increased expenses everywhere, we look, it’s no surprise we see the word recession thrown around a fair bit right now. The Bank Of England, in fact, has warned that the UK is looking at facing a prolonged recession, predicting England’s economy will be one of the worst hit in the G7 nations.

Things are rising in cost at the highest rate in over 40 years, cutting peoples’ and businesses’ budgets even further, causing a lack of spending and the economy to shrink. The latest figures have shown a decrease of 0.6% in September alone. 

In our latest blog, we will discuss how you can financially protect yourself in the upcoming times of uncertainty.

What is a recession?

Let’s start with the basics; before you can learn to protect yourself or your business from it, you need first to understand what a recession is. A recession is defined as “the economy shrinking over two consecutive quarters or six months.”

When the UK economy does show signs of worsening, it is usually a sign that consumers are spending less money, most likely because the average consumer now has less money. This has a knock-on effect on businesses that are now able to produce and sell a much smaller amount of products or services. 

We can see this and measure the strength of our economy using GDP. But what is GDP? GDP, or gross domestic product, measures the size of the economy and is a figure based upon information from thousands of businesses around the UK.

What could cause the UK to enter a recession?

The primary attributing factor to the talk of a recession in the UK is the increased cost of living. Bills are getting higher (especially gas and electric), things such as food and clothes are becoming more expensive, and borrowing costs are on the up and up; inflation is currently at a whopping 10.528%. Because of this, people simply are not spending what they were previously, and less money is flowing into businesses for goods or services.

Two-thirds of the UK’s GDP is accounted for by consumer spending, and when this slows down, the economy shrinks. 

The last recession we faced was during the tumultuous time of covid 19, the GDP shrank by over 10%, the UK’s worst economic performance in over 200 years, but this was a vast drop when compared to the one previously in 2008, which had a much longer-term effect. It took the UK’s economy five years to recover and get back to the place it once was following the recession in 2008.

How could a recession affect you?

A recession isn’t something that will only be felt by businesses; it can trickle down and affect the lives of everybody in every situation. Even after the recession, when things have started to recover, you may not be free of problems for quite some time. 

It could affect you by:

  • The shops you once visited and loved may close down 
  • You may find it difficult to find new work if you lose your job 
  • Or a promotion/pay rise in your current line of work
  • Jobs could be more easily lost as business look to cut costs 

A recession will not be felt across the board equally by all. A recession could actually create more of a gap in society and widen the space between rich and poor. If you have savings and some more diversified streams of income, you will be better off than those who do not. 

Take a look at my advice on the best ways you can deal with the impending recession.

Recession Proofing tips for businesses 

Never stop marketing your business

Whether the economy is good or bad, one thing you should never stop, is trying to draw more customers or clients, and the best way to do that is with a good marketing strategy. It may seem like a quick and easy option to cut expenses in the short term, but in the long run, you may be negatively impacting your profits. After all, you can’t do business with potential clients or customers if they don’t know you exist. 

Capitalise on existing customer relations

Following on from gaining new clientele, you should make the most of the existing customer relationships you have. Reach out to existing or old clientele to find out how you can help them and potentially upsell some of your other services or show them why you are better than your competition. Another benefit of this is its cheaper to reach out to people that are already aware of your business, you can offer a variety of bonuses like exclusive first access to new products or special discounts. 

Care for your cashflow

During times of uncertainty, it’s imperative that you monitor your cash flow. As simple as this may seem, many businesses will continue to make similar mistakes, be sure you’re not spending excess money on overstock or potentially useless software. Another way to monitor your cash flow is to send out your invoices and review your receivables promptly; this way, you can be sure you’re paid what you’re owed on time, and things don’t slip through the net or get forgotten about. 

Get an accountant

As mentioned previously, it can be tempting to cut expenses when facing financial difficulty; this could include getting rid of your accounting aid. Similarly to marketing, this may seem like a quick fix to save some money, but in the long run, you may be hurting your overall financial situation. When under stress, one of the best chances you have at staying in a strong financial position is with the help of a financial wiz in the form of your accountant. 

Accountants can also save you money by eliminating excess expenditures and mistakes in your bookkeeping or when filling out your tax returns. When doing your own accountancy, you run the risk of making mistakes like over or underpaying your tax, which could lead to further problems and cost you more in the future. When using an accountant, you can rest assured that everything financial will be taken care of, freeing you up to focus on other aspects of your business. 

Personal finance recession proofing

Fortunately, some of the best ways you can recession-proof your finances are simple and basic strategies.

Save an emergency fund

If the worst does happen and you lose your job, you should ensure that you have something to fall back on. While you are in a position to do so, you should save an emergency fund. This should be an amount that would be able to cover any outgoings you may have for the next 3-6 months. This should provide you with enough time to be able to get back on your feet and find another source of income.

You should ideally keep this in an easy-to-access savings account. One that you can take from without to much trouble. Storing this in some sort of investment account might sound like a good idea, but these often make it more difficult to retrieve your money in any fast amount of time.

Avoid making big purchases and impulsive decisions

When making any decisions about your finances, they should always be thought out. Large, impulsive financial decisions could land you in trouble at the best of times, but that is especially true during a recession. 

While it may seem great in the moment to buy that fancy new car or extra large TV, you may end up regretting that decision in future. With the potential impending recession, you should think more carefully about your finances and perhaps think twice before spending large amounts of money until the economy is more stable. Try to focus on bettering your current position and ensuring you will be financially safe should anything go wrong. 

Look for ways to earn some extra income

If you have concerns that your job may not be secure or you think you will begin to struggle financially, should things worsen, you should look for ways to increase your income through different methods. Having multiple streams on income could help to protect you should one of those avenues dry up. 

There are many ways in which you could look to earn some extra income. Try thinking about some of the other skills you have; for example, if you speak a second language, you could perhaps become a tutor online. Alternatively, if you live in a good area and have a driveway your not using, there are now sites where you can rent out the parking spot on your drive. There are many ways to earn a little extra money; you just have to be a little creative. 

Live within your means and be careful of borrowing money

Sometimes having debt is inevitable, but it isn’t always a bad thing, so long as you can afford to pay it off in the required time scale. But when a recession is looming, you should be more careful about borrowing money. Recessions increase the risk of redundancies and can make it harder to find another job. If you have debts to pay off already, this could quickly lead to a downward spiral. 

When the future is a little uncertain, you should look to pay off any debts you may have, such as loans and credit cards or even pay monthly clothes on apps such as klarna, as quickly as possible to reduce your outgoings. Once your debt has been paid off, you should try to avoid amassing any more. There is a famous saying I often remember that is “if you can’t afford to buy it twice, you can’t really afford it.”

Reduce your outgoings

The current cost of living crisis that is sweeping the UK is causing many people to look at their finances differently. If you haven’t sat down and evaluated your outgoings, now is definitely the time to do so. You may not realise how much of a toll your daily Pumpkin Spice Latte could be having on your bank account until you sit down and see it all written out. Even if you bought 4 of those a week over a month, that’s £68. 

Evaluating your finances could easily show you places in your spending habits where you could save money. I’m not saying you should deprive yourself of luxuries; everyone deserves a pumpkin-spiced latte every now and again, but now is an excellent time to find out where your money is really going. 

Succession Planning For Business Owners: What You Need To Know

As a business owner, it’s not uncommon to feel like you’re just getting by from day to day. With so much to worry about, it can be tough to think about anything beyond the present moment and immediate future. Planning for retirement or for what would happen to your business if something went wrong can seem like a luxury you can’t afford.

As we all know, life can be unpredictable. That’s why it’s essential to have a plan in place for your business, in case something happens to you. By thinking about the future of your business years in advance, you can save yourself a lot of time and stress down the road.

As businesses come and go, it’s important to have a succession plan. This can be especially difficult for smaller companies. However, with a bit of planning and foresight, any business can create a succession plan.

What is succession planning?

Succession planning is vital for any business. It ensures that there is always someone ready and qualified to take over should the need arise. This could be due to retirement, resignation, or other circumstances. Having a plan in place helps ensure that the business can continue running smoothly, even in the event of key personnel changes.

Does my business need a succession plan?

When it comes to succession planning, many small business owners mistakenly believe that it is only relevant for large organisations with hundreds of employees. However, succession planning is actually critical for all businesses, regardless of size.

Succession planning offers numerous benefits for small businesses, including adding structure and direction. By planning ahead, you can safeguard the future of your business and its workforce.

How does succession planning work?

Succession planning helps assess the impact of each key role within the company and identify potential successors. This can be a very revealing process, and you may find yourself thinking about ways to nurture and develop future leaders. Succession planning will help ensure that the business can still function as time passes and its organisational chart evolves.

Why efficient succession planning is so important

It’s never too early to start thinking about succession planning, especially if you’re a business owner who wants to ensure their business is in good hands when they eventually move on. There are a number of reasons why you might want to do this, including retirement, starting a new business, or passing the business down within the family. No matter what your reasons are, succession planning is a crucial part of creating an entrepreneurial legacy.

Making succession seamless

Preparation is key when transitioning a business to a new owner, whether that be due to retirement or succession planning. Having a solid plan in place helps to ensure a smooth transition with minimal disruption. This is especially important if the business is family-run, as an emotional investment can complicate matters. By being proactive and planning ahead, you can help make the process as seamless as possible.

A plan is only useful if everyone knows about it.

It’s important to emphasise communication because it is key to success in any business. Everyone needs to be on the same page with the plan and how it should be executed. This is especially important in a family business where harmony is essential.

  • Keeping knowledge within the business

When people leave a business, it can be difficult to keep all of their experience, skills and knowledge within the company. A well-designed succession plan will help make sure that as much information as possible is retained so that it can be passed on to those who stay with the company.

Beyond succession planning, it is also helpful to have systems in place which enable knowledge transfer between employees. This avoids making the business too reliant on one person and provides a way to educate new employees.

  • A clear direction and better decision making

Organisation and focus are key to making the best decisions for your business. If you take each day as it comes and only improvise, you’ll miss opportunities and make mistakes.

  • Setting up a clear succession plan is key to running a successful business. By being proactive and having a plan in place, you can avoid relying on reactive action all the time.

When you have a clear vision for the future, it’s easier to identify potential problems and take steps to prevent them. For example, if you can see that your workforce is lacking in specific skills, you can address this by recruiting or training new employees before it becomes a real issue. By being proactive, you can keep your business on track and moving forward.

  • Managing multiple businesses successfully

As an entrepreneur, you may find yourself with your fingers in many pies over time. However, it is important not to spread yourself too thinly and reduce your ability to perform. Taking it to the extreme could result in burnout. It’s more common than you might think. If you’re finding yourself at a standstill, it may be time to take a step back or ease up on your involvement. Alternatively, it could be that you’re simply ready to move on to other entrepreneurial endeavours. Having a solid succession plan in place will enable you to shift your focus to your next project without letting your current businesses fall behind.

How can I make my succession plan more effective?

As the baby boomer generation starts to retire, many businesses are facing the challenge of succession planning. Succession planning is essential to ensuring that your business can continue to thrive into the future. Here are some tips to help you create a successful succession strategy.

  • Ongoing leadership training and professional development

Investing in employee development is critical for the success of any business. This can include anything from external courses or cross-team training to mentoring and shadowing. By investing in the professional development of your employees, you are demonstrating that you value their contribution to the business and are committed to their career growth. This is important for workforces of all sizes, as it ensures a pipeline of talent for the future. Not only will investing in employee development benefit your business in the long run, it also boosts morale among your staff.

  • Overlap roles at relevant opportunities

Organisations need to be proactive in facilitating knowledge transfer and retention, especially when key personnel is absent. One way to do this is by overlapping roles when it makes sense to do so. For example, if someone in a critical role goes on maternity leave, consider moving someone else in the organisation into that role temporarily rather than recruiting externally. Of course, this may not always be possible, but where it is, overlapping roles can help develop a workforce of well-rounded and highly skilled employees.

  • Align your strategy with business objectives

As you develop your succession plan, be sure to keep your business objectives in mind. This will help ensure that your plan is aligned with your goals and timelines and that all parts of your business are working together (and growing) harmoniously.

  • Don’t just think linearly

There is no one right way to develop talent within your organisation. Sometimes the best candidates for a role are not the ones who have been working their way up the ladder. If someone from a different department shows potential and interest in another area, it might be worth training them up! 

  • Succession planning is a long-term process

As our businesses continue into the future, it is crucial that we have a plan for succession. This plan should consider all aspects of the business, from recruitment and training to professional development. Having a long-term view is essential when devising your succession strategy, as it can take time to implement changes. By taking the time to plan now, we can ensure that our businesses are set up for success in the future.

Check-in with your accountant

As certified accountants, we always recommend you check in with your own accountant before making any decisions that could affect the future of your business. But our skills go beyond tax returns; we’re also experienced in planning successful growth!

A Beginner’s Guide To Personal Tax Return’s

Self-assessment tax returns occur once a year and are known to cause a lot of aggravation amongst business owners, entrepreneurs and the self-employed. Below will tell you all about self-assessment tax returns and whether or not you need to file one. 

Self-assessment tax returns exist to make sure that individuals report their annual earnings and their sources to HMRC. In turn, this allows HMRC to be able to calculate how much tax you are liable to pay in the applicable tax year. It is the individual’s responsibility so you must understand if, how and when to file the paperwork.

Who must complete a tax return?

In the UK, a tax deduction system known as PAYE is used if you are an employee of a company. This type of system allows your employer to deduct a percentage of your wage depending on your tax code. If this method is used, it is not required of you to fill in a self-assessment unless you have a second income, such as running a personal business on the side.  

Self-assessment tax returns are frequently used by self-employed people, freelance contractors, small business owners and entrepreneurs being the main culprits. Furthermore, if you live in the UK but are developing money from abroad, additionally if you live abroad but are generating money from the UK tax must be paid. If you want to be entirely sure this applies to you, you can check online on the government website

You should provide the following information to the best of your ability: 

  • National insurance and employee reference number
  • P60 forms
  • P11D forms
  • A review of any personal profit or investments
  • Capital gain summaries
  • A list of taxable benefits received via your employer or the government

You must remember to meet the deadlines as you could face paying severe penalties. These are:

Day 1- £100

Upto 3 months- £10 a day, with a maximum of £900

Upto 6 months- £300 or 5% of the tax due, whichever is the higher amount.

If you are a UK resident submitting a self-employed self-assessment, it can be deferred by either post or online. However, if you are a non-resident, you cannot submit online it has to be by post, or you can get an accountant to do this on your behalf.

Will There Be A Fourth Self-employment Support Scheme Grant?

Covid-19 has wreaked havoc throughout the world. With the third lockdown now upon us, many self-employed workers are suffering from enormous losses to their income. The good news is help is available. The government’s new scheme, known as the Self-employment Income Support Scheme, was designed to help workers through the coronavirus crisis. 

The SEISS arrangement was first brought in last year in 2020, to provide grants to those whose income has been negatively impacted by the pandemic. From May 2020 self-employed workers were able to apply for the grant. However, applications for the first grant closed in July 2020. The second grant shortly followed, lasting between August-October and was worth up to £6,570. And finally, a third grant was brought into play to assist through the winter months. 

But is there going to be a fourth grant? 

The simple answer is yes, an economic update from the house of commons confirmed the scheme will be extended through February to March. 

A whopping three million people have already applied since the first grant release and over 20 billion pounds already handed out. 

So far the government has not given any indications to how much support you can get under the fourth grant but rest assured more information is due to be published shortly. 

Who can claim?

As the fourth grant covers February to April, it is time to get your applications in. Unfortunately, eligibility conditions have not changed. So if you were not eligible for the first three grants, you wouldn’t qualify for this grant either.

Here is what you need to know to apply:

  • You must show you are currently trading but have been impacted by reduced demand. 
  • You must declare you have been trading but are currently unable to do so due to the pandemic. 
  • You must show the impact put on your business at the time of the current grant.
  • If you filed a tax return for 2018/19 on or before April 2020, and provide proof, you were trading through that tax year. 
  • You must declare you intend to continue trading. 
  • Finally, you must declare you reasonably believe there will be a significant reduction to your trading profits at the time of your grant. 

Be wary, as there a few things that can affect your application, these being:

  • If your tax return was late, amended or under enquiry. 
  • You are a member of a partnership.
  • You have had a new child. 
  • You claim averaging relief. 
  • You have state aid. 
  • You are a military reservist. 
  • You have loans covered by the loan charge.
  • You are a non-resident or chose the remittance basis. 

To apply for the grant schemes, you must visit the Gov website before the end of April. Remember to make sure you have with you your unique taxpayer reference, national insurance number, government gateway user ID and password and your UK bank details. You will need these to begin your application process. 

5 Tips For Finding The Perfect Accountant For Your Small Business

There are numerous reasons why your small business may need to hire an accountant; from spending far too much time on bookkeeping to merely desiring to organise your business finances a little better. If this is the case, it would probably be beneficial to hire a business accountant-but where to begin? 

These five simple tips will set you on the right path to finding the perfect accountant suitable for your small business.


You must understand every single piece of information your accountant feeds you; therefore, ensure that they speak plain English. You must remember it is still your business and you are still liable to the taxman and the rest of the authorities. If they talk too much jargon and struggle to explain things to you, do not hire them. 

Does your chosen accountant fit in?

You should choose an accountant who has experience in the size and sector you are operating. 

Above and beyond number-crunching

Provide yourself with the assurance that your accountant will be proactive and reactive. For instance, an accountant who will give advice on saving tax in legal and ethical ways and will be able to provide excellent software and lessons on how to use it! 

Check your accountant is qualified

Hiring a qualified accountant gives you access to their professional body were they to make a mistake. Look into accountants who mastered their profession through the institute of chartered accountants or association of chartered certified accountants. 

Choose an accountant who will act on your behalf

An accountant who will act as your agent can save you a lot of difficult conversations. An accountant acting on behalf of your business can negotiate discussions for you with HMRC and the taxman.

In conclusion, no matter your business’s size, there is an accountant out there ready and waiting to assist with your every need. As long as you follow the five tips above, you will be well on your way to finding someone to fit your business. If you’d like to contact Herridge Accountants about your business accounting, you can contact us here. And if you’re still undecided as to whether you actually need an accountant, take a look at our blog giving five reasons we think it’s a good idea to have an accountant.

Don’t Miss The January 2021 Tax Return Deadline

The time has come for millions needing to file a self-assessment tax return and pay the tax owed. All self-employed people are subject to have a deadline of 11:59pm on January 31st 2021, and there are still 5.4 million people left to file!

There are three separate issues to deal with:

  • First of all, qualified taxpayers must file an online self-assessment tax return to HMRC for the 2019/2020 tax year, ending on 5 April 2020. The deadline for this has not changed.
  • Next, if you were supposed to make an advance payment by the 31st July 2020, the government would have given you extra time to pay, which finishes on the above date. 
  • Finally, you will have to pay your balancing payment. This is any money owed from the 2019/2020 tax year unless a payment plan has been agreed. 

If your tax return is three months late, you can be fined up to £100; it will be more if any later or if you pay your tax bill late. As well as this, you will be charged interest on any late payments, below is what you need to know. 

Who needs to file a self-assessment tax return?

Most of the UK’s taxpayers have their taxes deducted straight from their pay, pension or savings. Therefore, they are not required to file a tax return. 

If any of the following applied to you in the 2019/2020 tax year, you would need to submit a tax return. 

  • You earned more than £100,000 in taxable income. 
  • Your income was more than £50,000, and you or your partner were claiming child benefit. 
  • You were earning income abroad, or lived abroad and had a UK income. 
  • You received income from a trust. 
  • You filed a self-assessment tax return last year, even though no tax was owed. 

If it is your first time filing, you can register online, and HMRC will send you a letter with an exclusive taxpayer reference after setting up your online account. If it is your first time, but you have already a unique code you may be able to skip this step. You must register as soon as possible as it can take up to 10 working days for your letter to arrive. You can find out more by visiting the HMRC website or by contacting us.

You can make payments on your account via bank transfer, debit card or cheque. If you have a paying-in slip, it is also possible to pay by bank or building society. HMRC will accept money under faster payment, this allows for cash to go through within a couple of hours; however, there may be a limit on how much you can send. 

Furthermore, those who owe tax of less than £30,000 may have been able to use HMRC’s repayment plan. To be eligible for this plan you need to have filed your tax return by 31st January, have no outstanding tax returns, tax debts or payment plans in place. It is possible to pay this back through direct debit over 12 months, through your online tax account or by calling HMRC. Keep in mind that the repayment plan system will pay interest of 2.6% a year. 

What if you cannot afford to pay?

If your bill is correct, but you cannot afford to pay you must contact HMRC as soon as possible, as you may be able to come to an arrangement in which you do not have to pay late penalties. You will need an exceptional explanation for not paying; it is usually something outside of your control that stops you from meeting your tax agreement. Such as: 

  • A death within your family
  • Unexpected hospital stay
  • A life-threatening illness
  • Computer or software failures
  • Difficulties with HMRC’s online portal 
  • A fire, flood or theft of property

The government can advise by providing help sheets and videos. You can also contact HMRC helpline for support in filing your tax return this January but note there are often long waiting times for assistance via phone. Your best option is to contact a local accountant such as ourselves for advice and help with your submission.

Is An Accountant Required To Submit Your Tax Return?

Most often, it is fair to say that most business owners are not confident when it comes to deciding which aspects of their tax duties they can deal with themselves and when they can be at an advantage from calling in a professional. Some would argue that giving the job to an accountant is a much easier option. However, there is now clever technology that can boost your confidence when organising your taxes on your own. 

How does self tax assessment work?

Self-assessment tax returns declare how much taxable income you have earned in that financial year and determines any expenses you may be qualified to claim. 

The digital tax initiative, which is slowly being introduced, means that annual returns will be replaced with quarterly reports. 

Tax returns depend upon close attention to detail, making sure to provide exact dates, figures and details of any marital and special relief privileges you might be eligible for. Business owners should always be willing to support their claims with sufficient evidence such as invoices or receipts if requested to do so. If you submit false information you may be charged with a hefty penalty, this would be the same if you were to miss a filing deadline. The longer you take to amend the complication, the more your fine is likely to grow. 

Other tax filing options

Sadly, some small businesses simply do not have the money to spare to hire an accountant; however, it’s essential to keep your returns free from errors. Human error is a genuine but leading issue in incorrect returns, and if they were to make a mistake, your business would be liable. Many people shy away from completing their tax returns due to the added pressure it brings.

An alternative method is to invest in a tax software (for example Quickbooks) that keeps track of your income and expenses throughout the financial year. Providing you input your figures carefully, the calculations should be error-free! On the other hand, spreadsheets, calculators and good book-keeping can help you be your own accountant. Although it may not be as simple as tax software, it is undoubtedly attainable if you have a good head for numbers!

How can a tax account be useful? 

Business accountants deal with numbers daily, therefore, are ideal for protecting your figures. More so, they know the conduct; what you are and are not entitled to claim and how you can cut your liabilities. Employing an accountant not only saves bundles of stress but also a lot of time, it is typically around £150 for a reputable firm, often a little less if you only require a basic service. The price may seem quite reasonable to a business who may on average spend several hours completing their own tax return. 

If you feel like you could benefit from having an accountant, don’t hesitate to get in contact!

How to Reduce Your Debt

According to an announcement from the National Audit Office, over 8 million people in the UK are currently struggling to pay their debts or meet their monthly household costs. Most homes are spending a substantial amount more than they are actually earning, with an extraordinary 8.1% more spending on credit cards within a year. It is crucial that people start to recognise the difference between essential and non-essential expenditure and borrowing in order to make significant changes towards lowering their total amount of debt. 

It is essential to realise that not all debt is the outcome of poor management; the amount of people requesting debt advice has increased in the past few years. TUC, general secretary, Francis O’Grady stated that: 

‘Years of austerity and wage stagnation has pushed millions of families deep into the red.’ 

Meaning that economic policies have increased taxes and decreased funding towards social services and a lack of wage growth. Following this, education costs are incredibly high; the average graduate from a three-year degree carries a whopping £50,000 worth of debt around with them. This does not even account for the exorbitant interest rates that go along with it. 

Diminishing credit card debt 

It is no secret that many families rely on credit cards to get by. It may seem impossible, but there are ways to reduce total debt. There are a variety of applications out there that offer users the opportunity to categorise and cut down on their spending, for example, Money Dashboard or Emma. They help reduce credit card debt by obtaining a repayment plan specifically targeting high-interest spending and comparing interest rates. Most banks offer refined programmes that identify fraudulent purchasing patterns; however, the purchase amount is often not large enough to alert the cardholder. Therefore, users must keep a close eye on establishing transactions made by fraudulent means. 

Debt management plans

Debt management plans can help guide people back onto the right track. They enable monthly payments to be made to the provider who communicates with creditors to negotiate supportive stipulations. A debt management plan is useful for those who have non-priority debts such as personal loans. Additional options include debt relief order suitable for those with low incomes, individual voluntary arrangements which often give several years in which the debt must be paid and bankruptcy which allows people relief from all debts. 

Those tackling finance problems should first try and cut down on unnecessary spending; however, if that does not solve any issues, financial planning may be mandatory in aiding those coping month to month.

All of the above solutions can be beneficial but should first be discussed with a financial advisor to ensure you are the right candidate for the plan picked out for you. 

A Brief History Of Louth

If you are not acquainted nor familiar with Louth, this blog post will give you an insight into the town and its history. Louth is a large market as well as an industrial town situated in East Lindsey, Lincolnshire. It is located very rurally in the East of Lincolnshire and contains attractions such as St James’ Church, Hubbard’s Hills, the market, many independent retailers, as well as the last remaining cattle market in Lincolnshire.

Louth started off as a Saxon village. Its name originated from the Saxon word meaning ‘loud’ due to the loud gushing of the river. A monastery was built in Louth in the late 7th century. In the 9th century, the Danes took over Lincolnshire and subsequently destroyed Louth’s monastery. However, they gave Louth many of its street names.

In the 10th and 11th centuries, Louth became a small market town. Peasants from surrounding villages would use the market to buy and sell goods. Eventually, in the Middle Ages Louth had a population of around 1,500.

A Cistercian Abbey was built in 1139 at Louth Park. The parish church of St James was also an integral part of life for the people who lived there.

Henry VIII closed down Louth’s Abbey in 1536. The King sent a man to list valuables in the parish church which outraged the people of Louth. The man agreed to go and find out what the King intended to do with the valuables before proceeding.

This event sparked anger and men from Louth started a rebellion, marching towards Lincoln but were blocked by royal troops. As a result, the uprising broke down, and ringleaders were executed.

Louth prospered in the 16th and 17th centuries and its population grew, despite plague outbreaks. One outbreak in particular killed 700 people in Louth in 1631, which was a large chunk of the overall population.

A school was built in Louth in the 13th century, but the Grammar School was not established until 1551. The 18th century saw Louth grow even more and develop a carpet-making industry. A canal was eventually opened in 1770 to make trade easier of goods.

1801 saw a population of 4,250. This doubled 50 years later. 1825 saw a parliament act that cleaned the streets and a year later, the streets were gaslit, despite many Louth residents living in slums.

A dispensary was formed in 1803 for poor people to get free medicine and in 1873 Louth’s hospital was built. 1848 saw the railway reaching Louth which improved business from the canal method previously.

In the 1920s and 30s, the first council houses were established, and electricity lit up the town.

A War Memorial was established in 1922 in memory of those who fell in WW1. In WW2 15 people in Louth died from German bombings.

The population continued to grow in Louth from the 1920s onwards with around 17,000 people inhabiting the town now.

Please read my blog about some of the top reasons to want to live and work in Louth.

Accountants Face Exceptional Challenges For The End Of 2020 And Beyond

With the COVID-19 pandemic causing more uncertainty and disruption, this has led to an increase in challenges in auditing financial statements for accountants. Not only this, but extra difficulties have come to light with regards to Brexit and the transition period finishing on 31st December 2020. Not only this, but climate change has become another important topic of 2020 as well as COVID-19 and Brexit.

These three key issues are predicted to alter areas of financial statements. This is because investors will want to gain information that will clearly explain how directors of businesses have responded to their implications. Transparency will be vital for this to occur.

Directors will also be obliged to review every area of every financial statement, which will be subject to judgement and estimation uncertainty. Furthermore, forecasting will also play a vital part in conducting impairment as well as concern reviews. The uncertainty of all this could require help from other sources.

Soon auditors will have to demonstrate levels of professional scepticism. This increased uncertainty amongst financial professionals will mean that they will need to take an approach that involves seeking good-quality corroborative evidence as well as evidence derived from different sources.

Those preparing annual reports are urged to commence the planning early due to the challenges in the upcoming reporting season. There must be a focus on transparency and engagement across organisations to gather information with auditors. It is also important to think about the reporting deadlines and making their scope as flexible as possible because of the extraordinary challenges that will be occurring for auditors and preparers. These challenges will not only be affecting their professional lives, but COVID-19, Brexit and the climate crisis will affect the personal lives of auditors too.

The key lessons that we can learn in preparation for this are to be as organised and flexible as possible to meet these deadlines. Preparing for the worst financial scenarios due to the three key challenges will also be important in ensuring no more challenges will arise from the ones already established.

The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW) provides lots of relevant resources and will be able to develop these resources to the changes which are occurring at the end of 2020. They offer technical support with regards to the COVID-19 situation with information for auditors and preparers free of charge.

Take a look at my blog here to see how some UK accountants are voicing their concerns about their environmental worries.